Occurrence of additional Zoea-VI larvae in the mud crab, Scylla paramamosain (Estampador), reared in the laboratory
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
Mud crabs, Scylla spp., are commercially important in many Indo-Pacific countries. The larval development of mud crabs has been reported previously as five zoeal and one megalopal stages. This paper reports larval rearing experiments that revealed variability in larval developmental stages in the mud crab Scylla paramamosain, one of four mud crab species. In addition to normal five zoeal stages, an alternative pathway of developing through six zoeal stages was observed for the crab. There were evidences suggested that the appearance of the additional Zoea-VI larvae was associated with unfavourable dietary conditions, including poor quality of diet, inadequate quantity of dietary supply and a period of starvation for newly hatched larvae. Based on exuviae and larval specimens, the morphology of the additional Zoea-VI larvae was described.