A Comparative Study of Three UNCLOS Regimes and Their Impact on Seabed Resources
【中文摘要】随着陆地资源的逐渐枯竭，海洋资源的战略地位急剧上升。自1982年《联合国海洋法公约》（以下简称“《公约》”）生效以来，世界各国对海洋权益和海洋资源越来越重视，并开展大规模的海底资源勘查和相关法理研究，以期在《公约》框架下最大限度地争取和扩展各自的海洋空间和权益。面对严峻的国际海洋形势，我们应加强对《公约》的法理和实践研究。本文主要论述了《公约》建立的专属经济区制度、大陆架制度、国际海底区域制度及其相互之间的关系，讨论了《公约》第76条对大陆架外部界限划定的相关规定，最后就各沿海国大陆架外部界限的确定对全球海底资源的归属与分配带来的影响进行了初步分析。 【Abstract】The gradual depletion of land resources has made the strategic position of marine resources increasingly prominent. Since the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) came into effect in 1982, all countries in the world have been paying more and more attention to maritime rights and interests and marine resources, while launching extensive exploration into seabed resources as well as relevant legal research, in an attempt to maximize their respective marine space and maritime rights and interests under the UNCLOS framework. Thus, faced with the severe situation of international ocean, we should strengthen the legal theory and practice studies of the UNCLOS. This paper mainly expounds the exclusive economic zone, continental shelf and international deep seabed area regimes established under the UNCLOS and their relationship between each other, with particular emphasis on the relevant provisions concerning outer limits of continental shelf contained in Article 76 of the UNCLOS. Finally, the authors make a preliminary analysis of the effect on the ownership and distribution of the global seabed resources exerted by coastal States’ determination of their outer limits of continental shelves.