Conflicts over Rights in Disputed Sea Areas and Their Solutions
【中文摘要】争议海域可能因岛屿的主权归属、划界主张重叠、条约解释等不同性质的争议而产生。在不同性质的争议水域内，当事国之间发生冲突所涉及的权利内容和发生冲突的方式也是不同的。在尚未划界的专属经济区和大陆架主张重叠海域，争端当事国之间存在对于资源的主权权利和相关事项的管辖权的潜在冲突。当事国间避免冲突的方法之一是采取共同开发模式对资源进行开发，但是， 共同开发模式并不当然解决共同开发区内的所有主权权利和管辖权冲突。在本质上仍然属于争议海域的共同开发区内，当事国间需要就主权权利和管辖权的行使做出安排。中日东海共同开发区内也存在同样的问题。 【Abstract】 Disputed sea areas can result from different types of controversies: for example, those over the sovereignty of islands, overlapping delimitation claims, or the interpretation of treaties. The substance of the rights involved in the conflicts, as well as the manner in which the conflicts arise among the States involved，vary with the nature of the particular disputed sea area. In overlapping waters where EEZs and continental shelves have not been delimited, potential conflicts exist among States with regards to the sovereign rights over resources and jurisdiction over relevant matters. The joint development of resources is one way to avoid conflict. However, joint development does not guarantee the resolution of all disputes over sovereign rights and jurisdiction in the joint development zones. In the joint development zones, which in essence remain disputed sea areas, the States involved should come to an agreement on the exercise of sovereign rights and jurisdiction. These problems also exist in the Sino-Japanese joint development zone in the East China Sea.