Proliferation Security Initiative：Challenges to and Implications on International Laws
【中文摘要】防扩散安全倡议是由美国倡导的、旨在阻止大规模杀伤性武器通过海陆空渠道出入有扩散嫌疑国家的一种松散的国家联盟。《〈制止危害海上航行安全非法行为公约〉2005年议定书》、安理会第1540 (2004)号决议和《不扩散核武器条约》等构成了防扩散安全倡议的法律依据。防扩散安全倡议对现代国际法、特别是海洋法提出了挑战。防扩散安全倡议在某种程度上体现了国际社会在防扩散方面的共识。中国加入防扩散安全倡议，有助于树立负责任大国的形象，并能参与有关规则的制定。 【Abstract】The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is a loose association of countries led by the United States in an effort to prevent the trafficking of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by land, sea and air to countries suspected of proliferation. The PSP's legal basis is provided in international instruments such as the Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540(2004), and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). However, the PSI as a reflection of the international community's consensus on nonproliferation, has posed challenges to contemporary international law, especially the law of the sea. China's entry into the PSI will enable it to enhance its image as a responsible great power and participate in the decision making process.