An Analysis of the Legal Status of the Nine-dotted Line:Focused on Four Doctrines
【中文摘要】“九段线”作为我国南海传统疆域线，自1948年公布以来，在半个多世纪得到了包括南海周边国家在内的国际社会的默认。但是随着《联合国海洋法公约》的生效和南沙群岛主权争端的加剧，近年来，周边国家却对“九段线” 的法律地位提出了质疑。对于“九段线”的法律地位，我国法律一直没有明确的规定。而学界对此也有着多种不同的主张和解释，众说纷纭、莫衷一是。因此，对“九段线”的法律地位作出界定，以明确我国的权利主张，对坚持和维护我国的南海主权权益意义重大。 【Abstract】As the traditional Chinese boundary line in the South China Sea (SCS)，the nine-dotted line has been tacitly recognized by the international community, including the countries neighboring the SCS, for more than half a century since its publication in 1948. However, after the entry into force of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the escalated disputes over the sovereignty of the Spratly Islands, the neighboring States have begun to challenge the legal status of the “nine-dotted line” in recent years. The legal status of this nine-dotted line has still not been clearly defined in the domestic law of China. And different opinions and explanations remain among Chinese academia on its legal status. Therefore, it is important to define the legal status of the “nine-dotted line” which will contribute to China's clarification of its entitlement，and to the protection and perpetuation of its rights and interests in the SCS.