On the Original Meaning of “Shi” and Its Relationships with Education in Western Zhou
- 2016年 
【中文摘要】士的本源意义并非如同此前学者所说的为男人、为官员、为农民耕作、为武士等；“士”的早期含义是文士，是中国早期儒家教育的重要组成，主要是周公制礼作乐制度形成之后的产物，其主要含义类似于当下所说的士子。诗三百中的《雅》《颂》部分共计出现士21次，清晰显示了由学而士、由士而为俊杰髦士、由学者人才而为六卿之首之卿士、由学子而为一般官员总称的内涵演变历程。 【Abstract】The original meaning of “Shi” is not men, officials, farmers or warriors as claimed by previous scholars. Rather, “Shi” originally meant “Wenshi”(scholars) , which were an integral part of China's early Confucian education. It emerged after Zhou Gong established the ritual music system and its main meaning is similar to that of the contemporary “ Shizi”.“ Shi” appear 21 times in The Book of Songs, demonstrating the evolution of the connotation of this particular term.