Singapore's 2015 General Election and the Evolution of the Governing Ideas of the People's Action Party
- 2016年 
【中文摘要】在2015年9月举行的新加坡大选中，人民行动党凭借69.86%的髙得票率蝉联执政。2015年大选的成功得益于人民行动党执政和选举理念的嬗变，其不仅对新加坡政治发展影响深远，而且对世界其他国家政党的建设和发展具有十分重要的借鉴意义。2015年大选中，人民行动党吸取了2011年大选的教训，适时调整政策化解民怨，迎合民意，最终赢取了民心；忧患意识是贯穿新加坡政治选举始终的一条主旋律，成为人民行动党髙票蝉联执政的法宝，促进了人民行动党的自我完善和更新，为其长期执政奠定了良好的基础；合法性度量对于一个政党来说是至关重要的指标，检验了人民行动党的民众认同度；人民行动党给异己势力保留了一个合法渠道，使民众之怒有发泄渠道，有利于其长期执政。 【Abstract】In Singapore's general election in September 2015，the People's Action Party (PAP) won 69.86% of the popular vote to remain in power. The party's success in the general election is largely attributable to the evolution of its governing ideas and election principles， which not only greatly influence Singapore's political development， but also have vital significance for party building and development in other countries. In that election，the PAP drew a lesson from the 2011 general election by adjusting its policy to redress grievances and cater to public opinion，and eventually won public support. As a major theme in all of Singapore's political elections，crisis awareness has become a magic weapon for the PAP to remain in power by winning an overwhelming majority of votes. It promoted the PAP’s self-improvement and renewal and thereby laid a solid foundation for its long-term governance. Legitimacy measurement is a crucial indicator for a party and can gauge the degree of the public’s recognition of the PAP. The PAP has retained a legal channel for dissenting forces， providing an outlet for public anger which is conducive to its long-term governance.