Determination of trace PAHs in seawater and sediment pore-water by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with GC/MS
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A fast and reliable method for the determination of trace PAHs (polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons) in seawater by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by gas chromatographic (GC) analysis has been developed. The SPME operational parameters have been optimized, and the effects of salinity and dissolved organic matter (DOM) on PAHs recoveries have been investigated. SPME measures only the portion of PAHs which are water soluble, and can be used to quantify PAH partition coefficient between water and DOM phases. The detection limits of the overall method for the measurement of sixteen PAHs range from 0.1 to 3.5 ng/g, and the precisions of individual PAH measurements range from 4% to 23% RSD. The average recovery for PAHs is 88.2 +/- 20.4%. The method has been applied to the determination of PAHs in seawater and sediment porewater samples collected in Jiaozhou Bay and Laizhou Bay in Shandong Peninsula, China. The overall levels of PAHs in these samples reflect moderate pollution compared to seawater samples reported elsewhere. The PAH distribution pattern shows that the soluble PAHs in seawater and porewater samples are dominated by naphthalenes and 3 ring PAHs. This is in direct contrast to those of the sediment samples reported earlier, in which both light and heavy PAHs are present at comparable concentrations. The absence of heavy PAHs in soluble forms (< 0.1 -3.5 ng/L) is indicative of the strong binding of these PAHs to the dissolved or solid matters and their low seawater solubility.