Diversity and Abundance of Oil-Degrading Bacteria and Alkane Hydroxylase (alkB) Genes in the Subtropical Seawater of Xiamen Island
Wang, Liping（State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Key Lab Marine Biogenet Resources）
Shao, Zongze（State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Key Lab Marine Biogenet Resources）
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
In this report, the diversity of oil-degrading bacteria and alkB gene was surveyed in the seawater around Xiamen Island. Forty-four isolates unique in 16S rRNA sequence were obtained after enrichment with crude oil. Most of the obtained isolates exhibited growth with diesel oil and crude oil. alkB genes were positively detected in 16 isolates by degenerate polymerase chain reaction (PCR). And for the first time, alkB genes were found in bacteria of Gallaecimonas, Castellaniella, Paracoccus, and Leucobacter. Additional 29 alkB sequences were retrieved from genomic DNA of the oil-degrading communities. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the obtained alkB genes formed five groups, most of which exhibited 60-80% similarity at the amino acid level with sequences retrieved from the GenBank database. Furthermore, the abundance of alkB genes in seawater was examined by real-time PCR. The results showed that alkB genes of each group in situ ranged from about 3 x 10(3) to 3 x 10(5) copies L-1, with the homologs of Alcanivorax and Pseudomonas being the most predominant. Bacteria of Alcanivorax, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas are important oil degraders in this area; while those frequently reported in other area, like Oleiphilus spp., Oleispira spp., and Thalassolituus spp. were not found in our report. These results indicate that bacteria and genes involved in oil degradation are quite diverse, and may have restriction in geographic distribution in some species.