Two Kinds of Virtue Epistemology: Dispute and Integration
【中文摘要】德性知识论可以分为德性可靠论和德性责任论，前者准确地把握了认知能力与知识之间的关系，却忽视了人类认知的能动性，后者通过把德性解释为品格弥补了这方面的缺陷，但是很难解释知觉知识这样的低级知识。两种德性知识论在知识的德性解释的可能性、理智德性与知识的关系等方面存在很大的争议和分歧，但是它们之间存在融合的可能性，这种可能性的基础就在于两种理智德性实际上是同一个德性的两种解释，是一个硬币的两面。 【Abstract】In general，virtue epistemology is of two types ： virtue reliabilism and virtue responsibilism. The former accurately grasps the relationship between cognitive abilities and knowledge，but ignores the dynamism of human cognition，while the latter remedies this deficiency by viewing virtue as a character，but it cannot explain clearly the nature of low-level knowledge such as perceptual knowledge. There are lots of controversy and disagreements about the possibility of virtue-based account of knowledge，the relation between intellectual virtue and knowledge between the two kinds of virtue epistemology. However，there is a possibility of integration between them，because the two kinds of intellectual virtue are essentially two diferent accounts of tlie same virtue.