Preparation and fluoroimmunoassay application of new red-region fluorescent silica nanoparticles
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
This is the first report on the preparation and utilization of a novel red-region fluorescent dye (tetracarboxy aluminum phthalocyanine) doped silica nanoparticles. In these nanoparticles, the tetracarboxy aluminum phthalocyanine molecules were covalently bound to silica matrix to protect the dye leaking from nanoparticles in bio-applications. The surface of the nanoparticles was modified by amino groups and easily bioconjugated with goat anti-human IgG antibody. By employing these nanoparticles as fluorescent probe, a sensitive fluoroimmunoassay method has been developed for the determination of trace level of human IgG. The calibration graph for human IgG was linear over the range of 0-500 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 1.6 ng mL(-1). Compared with the corresponding system using free AlC4Pc as a probe for determining human IgG, the sensitivity of the proposed system was notably increased. The method was applied to the analysis of human IgG in human sera with satisfactory results.