Size effect of conductivities of polyaniline nanowires
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The study of size effect of conductivity of conducting polymer nanowires can be significant not only in the instruction of fabrication of the devices with nanodimension but also in basic research of inherence of nanomaterials. PANI nanowires was fabricated in AAO templates by potentiostatic method. A new strategy of chemical modification of AAO template was introduced to prepare nanowires with smaller diameter. FRIR and contact angle measurements were used to characterize the modification. Tunneling Electron Microscopy results showed that the smaller PANI nanowires in diameter can be obtained in surfactant modified AAO templates. Conductivity of single PANI nanowire had been measured by Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy. The results displayed that the conductivity of PANI nanowire increase while the decrease of the diameter of PANI nanowires, which was called size effect of conductivity of,PANI nanowires. The size effect had been attributed to order polymer chains orientation of PANI nanowire, which had been confirmed by electron diffraction diagrams.