On the Theory,Practice and Referential Significance of Western Environmental Criminology
- 2014年 
【中文摘要】作为新兴的犯罪预防理论，环境犯罪学是西方发达国家犯罪预防的主流理论之一。该理论认为犯罪的发生与行为环境——场所、时间等机会存在密切关系，主张改善微观环境以预防犯罪。环境犯罪学所依据的理论虽多，但其基础则在于理性（合理）选择理论。而与理性选择基础理论密切相关的的核心问题，则是机会减少论与人性论。环境犯罪学在欧美与日本等发达国家的实践经验表明，其在预防和减少犯罪方面发挥了重要的作用，对我国的犯罪学研究与犯罪预防工作具有重要的借鉴意义。 【Abstract】Though as a new theory，environmental criminology has become one of the mainstream theories on crime prevention in western developed countries. Environmental criminologists consider that the happening of a crime is closely related to environment，namely guilty place，time，etc. Therefore，they hold that it is a good way to prevent crime by improving the micro-environment. There are many basic theories in environmental criminology， so choosing rationally is important. Opportunity reducing theory and human nature theory are the products of rational choice. The practice of environmental criminology in western developed countries shows that they have played an important role in preventing and reducing crime，thus they will undoubtedly be of great referential significance to the study of Chinese criminology and crime prevention.