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dc.contributor.author龚文娟
dc.contributor.authorGONG Wen-juan
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-21T01:44:42Z
dc.date.available2016-01-21T01:44:42Z
dc.date.issued2014-06
dc.identifier.citation厦门大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 2014, 223 (3):49-58zh_CN
dc.identifier.issn0438-0460
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/94364
dc.description龚文娟,厦门大学公共事务学院、公共政策研究院助理教授,社会学博士。zh_CN
dc.description.abstract【中文摘要】国际经验显示,不同社会经济地位人群不合理地暴露在环境风险中,是推动“环境公正”运动发展的重要原因。处于快速转型的中国,是否面临环境风险在人群中不公正分配问题?基于北京、重庆和厦门三地城市生活垃圾处理影响的调查数据的分析表明,环境风险在人群中的社会空间分配状况,低受教育程度、低收入、低房产价值、农业户籍和居住在农村社区的居民,居住在距离大型垃圾处理单位3公里范围内的可能性和遭受的环境风险,高于高受教育程度、较高收入、拥有较高价值房产、非农户籍和居住在城市社区的居民。低社会经济地位者不成比例地承担环境风险,使脆弱性再生产,以社会经济地位形塑风险地位,不利于和谐社会构建。因此,应加快户籍制度改革,完善环境立法和环境弱势群体补偿机制,促进并规范公众参与公共事务管理。 【Abstract】The international experience shows that people with diferent socioeconomic status are exposed to the environmental risk unreasonably,and this situation promotes the development of environmental justice movement. Are Chinese citizens exposed to environmental risk unequally in the period of rapid social transformation? Based on the survey data of household garbage treatment and environmental impact in Beijing,Chongqing and Xiamen,we have analyzed the socio-spatial distribution of environmental risk in the population. It is found that disproportional risk distribution does exist in China due to socioeconomic status differences and people with the lower socioeconomic status are more vulnerable as they bear more environmental risk. Shaping the risk status with socioeconomic status is not only contrary to the purpose of environmental justice,but also adverse for building a harmonious society for sustainable development. It is necessary to accelerate the reform of household registration system,improve environmental legislation and environmental compensation mechanisms for vulnerable groups and regulate the public participation.zh_CN
dc.description.sponsorship国家社科基金青年项目“城市公众应对环境风险的能力及行为研究”(11CSH019);中央高校基本科研业务费项目“环境公正视野下的城市垃圾处理风险分配研究”(2010221013)。zh_CN
dc.language.isozhzh_CN
dc.publisher厦门大学学报(哲学社会科学版)编辑部zh_CN
dc.subject环境风险zh_CN
dc.subjectenvironmental riskzh_CN
dc.subject社会空间分配zh_CN
dc.subjectsocio-spatial distributionzh_CN
dc.subject环境公正zh_CN
dc.subjectenvironmental justicezh_CN
dc.title环境风险在人群中的社会空间分配zh_CN
dc.title.alternativeSocio-Spatial Distribution of Environmental Risk in Populationzh_CN
dc.typeJournal Paperzh_CN


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