Visual-Verbal Intertextuality in Traditional Chinese Art：A Study of the “Fisherman-Hermit”Theme in Poetry，Prose，Calligraphy，and Painting
- 2014年 
【中文摘要】“图文间性”是本文提出的一个新概念性范畴，用以描绘在中国艺术领域，特别是诗文书画方面普遍存在的一种艺术创造现象。探讨中国诗文书画中的“渔隐”主题，可以有助于认识这一新概念。人们常以“诗画一律”和“图文并茂”对中国艺术的“渔隐”主题进行解读。但要完成对“渔隐”母题及其相关的传统绘画意象的“阅读”，仅聚焦于图像学层面上的画面结构分析远远不 够，还须对其中的来源广泛的隐喻进行探讨，关注题材和主题的象征涵义、传统典故，甚至“政治隐情”及心态史、接受史，还有文学上的诗文唱和等哲学与美学问题。而且，在中国传统绘画中，图像的价值不仅仅是被观看，其意义的彰显还涉及作者/观者与历史、人生、社会、自然的存在关系，只有从多元媒介的多元视角探讨才能深刻理解其哲学和美学意蕴。可以说，中国诗文书画中“渔隐”主题所体现的视觉语言与文字语言的相互作用就是一种图文间性，对此进行探讨有助于构建中国特色的图像学理论。 【Abstract】“Visual-verbal Intertextuality”，a new concept proposed in this article，is employed to describe an artistic creative phenomenon commonly found in Chinese art，especially in the areas of poetry，essay，calligraphy and painting. An examination of the fisherman-hermit theme in these areas may help us better understand this new concept. People usually adopt the idea that “poetry and painting follow the same law” or “images and words mutually complement each other” to explain the fisherman-hermit theme，but to fully understand its implications and the related traditional painting images，one needs to go beyond focusing on visual analysis of the structural arrangements in terms of iconography. Moreover，it is necessary to examine its wide sources of metaphors，symbolism，allusions，as well as “hidden political themes，” history of mentality and reception，and such philosophical and aesthetic issues relating to literary conventions such as poetic exchanges between poets. In the domains of traditional Chinese painting，the value of images does not merely reside in their being viewed ； their meanings are manifested in the existential relationship between the painter/viewer on one hand and history，life，society and nature on the other. Their philosophical and aesthetic implications will be adequately understood only through investigations informed by multiple perspectives of multiple media. The mutual interaction between visual and verbal languages in the fisherman-hermit theme in Chinese art is a form of visual-verbal intertextuality， an inquiry into which will facilitate the construction of an iconology with Chinese characteristics.