On Reconciliation Between Humans and Nature from the Perspective of Marx and Engels' Ecological Philosophy
- 2013年 
【中文摘要】人与自然的同质性决定了人与自然和解的可能性，异质性决定了其现实性和复杂性。 马克思恩格斯通过考察人类活动的历史来认识人与自然和解所追求的社会目的和内在诉求，将满 足人类生存与发展的需求置于优先地位。社会实践中的人是实现人与自然和解的主导力量，人类 必须深化对制约发展的环境因素的认识，承担起对地球生态环境的责任。马克思主义认为，劳动 产生人与自然和解的基础，社会交往是人与自然和解的现实前提，人与自然和解的理想路径需要 人从社会关系方面把自己从动物中提升出来。 【Abstract】Homogeneity between humans and the nature ensures the possibility of reconciliation between humans and nature, while heterogeneity determines its reality and complexity. Marx and Engels understand the social purpose as well as internal demand of reconciliation between humans and nature through their study of the history of human activity, which gives priority to the satisfaction of the need of human survival and development. People in social practice are the leading force in materializing reconciliation of humans and nature. Therefore, human beings must deepen their understanding of environmental factors which restrict development, and take the responsibility to protect environment. In Marx's view, labor produces the basis for reconciliation between humans and nature, and social interaction functions as its realistic premise. The ideal path to reconciliation between humans and nature relies on the elevation of humans out of animals in terms of social relations.