Constructing a Law Carbon Supply Chain Based on Products' Life Cycles
- 2013年 
【中文摘要】随着全球气候变暖及其衍生的恶劣天气增加，许多国家通过制定碳排放规制逐渐限制企业的碳足迹，同时顾客日益认同并倾向于购买低碳产品，加之能源价格上涨等外部因素，迫使企业构建低碳足迹供应链以实现经济与环境的共生发展。结合碳足迹特征以及产品生命周期碳足迹影响程度，供应链可分为三种类型：髙制造碳足迹供应链、高分销碳足迹供应链以及高使用碳 足迹供应链。低制造碳足迹供应链需要权衡碳减排投资与从交易市场购买排放许可权，当更高碳 价格且顾客更倾向于购买低碳产品时，有利于供应链降低碳足迹；对于高分销碳足迹产品，供应链需要构建包括顾客购买往返成本的综合分销网络以及提髙运输工具的能源效率;构建低使用碳足迹供应链的重点在于提升使用能源效率以及缩短产品使用时间。 【Abstract】In response to global warning and subsequent increases of severe weather, many countries have enacted carbon emission regulations to gradually reduce enterprises’ carbon footprint. Because of the growing number of customers in favor of low-carbon products, higher energy prices and other external factors, enterprises have to construct low-carbon supply chain (SC) to strike a balance between economic development and environmental protection. In terms of characteristics of carbon footprint and its impact on products’ life cycles, SC can be classified into three categories 一 high carbon footprint SC during the manufacturing phase, high carbon footprint SC during the distribution phase and high carbon footprint SC during the consumption phase. It is argued that in order to bring forth a low carbon footprint SC, enterprises need to consider investment in carbon abatement and emission permission. If carbon price goes higher and more customers prefer to buy low carbon products, it is easier to reduce carbon footprint. For high carbon footprint products during the distribution phase, enterprises need to construct comprehensive distribution networks that include customers’ shopping trip costs and to improve transportation efficiency. The key to success in building a low carbon footprint SC for consumption is to improve energy efficiency and to reduce consumption.