The Conflict and Accommodation Between the Merchants and the Locals ： The Xunzhou Prefecture from the Early Qing Dynasty to the Time before the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
- 2013年 
【中文摘要】对清代商人与乡村社会的互动及其如何影响地方历史进程的研究，需要发掘细致的地方材料加以阐释。地处广西中东部的浔州府是明代大藤峡“猫乱”核心区，也是清末太平天国起事地。18世纪广西浔州府河谷地带因应两广米粮贸易而迅速开发,大量粤东客商进入当地的活动，既改变了明代以土著“猫”、“猹”为主体的族群构成与认同，又成为引起地方经济开发的动力， 更将珠江三角洲的士绅化和宗族化意识形态导入当地，深刻塑造了浔州府清初直至太平天国前的社会历史面貌。关于粤商在浔州府与地方力量的冲突与调适的探讨，有助于拓宽对所研究地域的社会面貌及历史进程的认识，是全面把握移民客商与地方土著的关系、乡村社会权力格局的演变等命题必不可少的前提。 【Abstract】How the merchants from other parts of the country affected the development of the local rural society in the Qing dynasty requires more sophisticated explanation from the support of local documents. As the Great Vine Gorge in the middle eastern Guangxi Province played a key role not only in the Yao Wars in the Ming dynasty but also in the breakout of the Taiping Uprising, the local documents in this area are of great help to understand the underlying social changes that led to these significant events. From the 18th Century onwards, the river valleys in the Xunzhou Prefecture developed rapidly because of the burgeoning rice trade between Guangdong aid Guangxi provinces, and as a result, a large numbers of merchants from east Guangdong entered this area. The immigration and economic growth subsequently changed the ethnic composition and the identities of local Yao and Zhuang peoples. Furthermore，a gentrification process and the ideas of forming lineages were also brought in to influence the Xunzhou Prefecture during the years from the early Qing to the eruption of the Taiping Uprising. The conflict and accommodation between the Guangdong merchants and the locals in this area have affected the transformation in local politics which resulted in the complicated ethnic relations and social turmoil.