Fangwai Shiyou and the Literature in the Prime of the Tang Dynasty
【中文摘要】方外十友是初唐后期的一个文人群体，其得名时间大致在武后光宅元年（684年）至垂拱元年(685年），此后交游虽然还在继续，但已非全部。陈子昂辞官归蜀后，这一群体基本上不复存在。方外十友之所以能形成，一在于他们的思想情趣和人格追求比较一致，二在于他们彼此之间有深刻的理解，三在于他们的文艺才能和好尚相同和趋近。方外十友对盛唐文学的影响主要表现在三个方面：一是描写神仙生活，二是表现幽独情怀，三是抒发真挚友情。盛唐文学的内容和 风格，与方外十友的影响有一定关系。 【Abstract】Fangwai shiyou，meaning ten friends outside the boundaries of this early world，was a group of literati in the later period of the early Tang dynasty. It was named between 684 and 685. Afterwards the contacts between the members of tlie group went on，but not all were involved. After Chen Zi 'ang resigned and returned to his hometown，this group broke up. The reason why this group was formed can be found in three aspects. Firstly，they shared the common idea，interest and personality pursuit. Secondly，they could understand each other deeply. Thirdly，they had similar literary competence and hobby. Fangwai shiyou had some influences on the literature in the prime of the Tang Dynasty. They are ： to describe the immortal life，to show quiet and lonely feelings and to express the sincere friendship.