Prayers for Longevity in the Zhou Dynasty
- 2012年 
【中文摘要】周代盛行祈寿之风，始于武王，迄于战国。周人不但在祭祀仪式中举行祈寿祝嘏，还将祈寿的祝嘏辞浇铸于祭祀或日常生活用的青铜器上；不但为自己祈寿，还在多种场合为君王、家人或朋友祝寿。周人祈寿的对象主要是祖先神，祖先神由天帝授权管理子孙寿命。祈寿嘏辞中， “万年”出现最为频繁,“眉寿”次之，“万年无疆”再次之。祈寿嘏辞可分为三类，在产生年代上有一定的规律性。长期的祈寿活动为战国时不死观念和神仙观念的形成奠定了思想基础。 【Abstract】The praying for longevity prevailed in the Zhou Dynasty, from the reign King Wu to the Warring States periods. The people in the Zhou Dynasty prayed for longevity during their prayer rituals, and cast these prayers on the bronzes. Except for themselves, they also prayed for their king, family and friends on many occasions. Gods which they pray to were mainly ancestral gods, whose rights were authorized by the Emperor of Heaven. Prayers for longevity had a lot of terms, which could be divided into three kinds by their desires. Many terms occurred in different times. The praying for longevity promoted the foundation of formation of Chinese immortal ideas.