Investigation on the Connection between Matsu Belief and Buddhism in Taiwan： A Case Study of Tainan Grand Matsu Temple in Qing Dynasty
- 2012年 
【中文摘要】妈祖信仰普遍存在于清代台湾社会，其庙宇不乏与佛教关连者。台南大天后宫自竣工时至日据时代皆有僧住持，其宫内存碑、牌记二件。乾隆重修“碑记”保存妈祖宗教归属二说：其 一，视其行迹近“仙道”，实则杂揉佛道以佛为多。其二，将其视为佛、菩萨“化身”；咸丰铸钟“牌记”从佛教角度解释宫内“佛像”（含“妈祖像”）尤其是“大钟”的佛教功用，赋予更多佛教内涵。因 僧住持庙宇使民间神的妈祖信仰被赋予佛教内涵与色彩，谓之“佛教化”。此类现象在台湾鹿耳门 妈祖庙、北港朝天宫、鹿港天后宫等皆有。台湾妈祖信仰“佛教化”源于福建莆田湄洲，可远溯至宋 代南方。 【Abstract】Matsu belief was popular in Taiwan in Qing dynasty and some Matsu temples were connected with Buddhism. From its completion to the Japanese occupation era, Buddhists maintained Grand Matsu Temple with a tablet and a plaque kept in it. The record of its repairing in Qianlong dynasty kept two belongings of Matsu belief： 1. Due to Matsu's deeds, Matsu belief seemed close to Taoism, but actually it combined Buddhism and Taoism, with more Buddhism. 2. Matsu was believed as the incarnation of Buddha. The plaque record about the huge bell casting in Xianfeng dynasty illustrated Buddhistic functions of Buddha image (including the Matsu image) and the huge bell. With Buddhists in Matsu temples, Matsu belief, once a folk belief, was endowed with more Buddhism connotations. Besides Grand Matsu Temple, this phenomemon can also be found in Luermen Matsu Temple, Beigang Chao-Tian Temple and Lugang Matsu Temple. It originated from Meizhou, Putian, Fujian province, which could be dated back to Song dynasty.