On the Construction of Act Preservation System： From the Perspective of Public Nuisance Lawsuit
- 2012年 
【中文摘要】在公害纠纷的解决过程中，相较于审判程序，行为保全能较好地解决双方当事人在能力上的不平等，使受害人的权利获得及时充分的救济。但我国立法的滞后与司法实践的急迫需求表明，构建公害诉讼行为保全制度势在必行。公害诉讼行为保全制度的法理基础,应结合诉讼法理与非诉法理，从公害纠纷的公共性、双方当事人的不平等性、救济的便捷与程序保障的矛盾性等因素予以考量。公害诉讼行为保全的制度设计，应根据我国特殊国情，在环境基本法或单行法中对行为保全的启动方式、审理模式、证明标准的设定、担保的提供、与本案审理的衔接、救济程序等 方面进行详细的规定，从而实现行为保全的制度化和规范化。 【Abstract】In the process of seuling public nuisance disputes, act preservation, compared with trial procedures, is more conducive to better settlement in that it can solve the problem of capacity inequality of the pities concerned and provide a remedy to victims in a better and timely manner. However, the belated development of Chinese legislation and the urgent needs for such judicial practices in China make it imperative to establish the act preservation system (APS) for public nuisance lawsuits. The foundation of APS should be a combination of litigation and non-litigation jurisprudence plus considerations of such factors as the public nature of public nuisance disputes, the inequality of the parties concerned, the convenience of remedy and the contradiction of procedural guarantee. According to China's specific conditions, this paper argues that APS in Chinese environmental law or special law should provide detailed stipulations as to the startup procedure, trial model, proof standard, warranty s cohesion to the trial and the procedure of making remedy in order to institutionalize and standardize act preservation.