Overcoming the Inertia in the Study of the History of Ethnic Groups in Southern China
- 2012年 
【中文摘要】由于受到百余年来西方文化导向以及国内外政治因素的影响，中国南方民族史研究形成了一系列的思维惯性，这种思维惯性在一定程度上扭曲了中国南方民族史的原有形态。中国民族史的学术研究与现实政策，固然是一个无法截然分开的整体，但是民族学的研究必须具备自身较为独立的学术本体性和科学性，应该尽可能地摆脱既有的思维惯性模式所造成的影响，客观公正地深入研究民族史的各个领域及其问题。只有这样，才有可能避免人为地塑造超越社会经济 与文化的特殊民族的偏颇，为国家民族政策的制定提供有益的学术借鉴。 【Abstract】The study of the history of ethnic groups in southern China has been deeply influenced by Western research paradigms as well as by domestic and international politics over the past 100 years. As a result, a series of rigid interpreta- tional frameworks have evolved which have become an academic inertia. This inertia has，to some extent，distorted our understanding of the real history of ethnic groups in southern China. This paper argues that while the academic study of the Chinese ethnic history and ethnic politics are inseparable, ethnic historians should maintain independence and objectivity in their academic pursuits. They should try to overcome the inertia rising from long practice of using established interpretational models Mid pay more attention to the specific social, economic Mid cultural processes of the ethnic groups. Only by breaking out of the constraints of this inertia can scholars contribute to our policy-mddng toward ethnic issues without being influenced by prejudice resulting from overriding the special socio-cultural circumstMices of ethnic groups in southern China.