Legal Issues Related to the Management of Genetic Resources in International Seabed Area
【中文摘要】随着生物技术的进展，国际社会对国际海底区域遗传资源的竞争日益激烈。尽管当前国际公约尚未对“区域”遗传资源的法律地位作出明确规定， 但基于《联合国海洋法公约》的目的，该遗传资源也应适用“人类共同继承财产” 原则，从而对“区域”遗传资源的利用进行适度限制。在该问题上，应充分发挥国 际海底管理局的作用，并在此基础上对“区域”遗传资源及相关活动进行管理和进 一步谈判。同时，我国应加强对该问题的重视与研究，大力开展双边和多边合作， 以便将来在“区域”遗传资源的开发和利用领域占有与我国地位相称的一席之地。 【Abstract】The progress in biotechnology has led to increasingly fierce contest among the international community for genetic resources in the international seabed area (hereinafter “the Area”). So far, there have been no international conventions defining the legal status of genetic resources in the Area, yet the principle of "common heritage of mankind" should apply to such resources, in accordance with the purpose of the UNCLOS. This principle would impose appropriate restrictions on the utilization of such genetic resources. When dealing with this issue, the international community should give into full play the role of the International Seabed Authority, and should manage such resources in the Area and the relevant activities and further negotiate over them. Additionally, China should emphasize more the issue by making greater endeavors to conduct bilateral and multilateral cooperation. Only in this way may China, in the field of development and utilization of genetic resources in the Area, occupy a position matching its status in the world.