Dual Legal Character and Double Values and Functions of the Right to Use Sea Areas
【中文摘要】传统法学界对海域使用权仅从单一视角进行分析，导致了其理论的片面性与诸多争议。从经济学的视角看来，海域使用权具有产权性质，承载着私 益与公益的双重价值，经济与环保的双重功能，以此为基础可推导出海域使用权 在法律上兼具公权与私权的双重属性，在法律实践中通过权利行使的公益限制、 保障权利人经济利益、合理使用海域使用金等措施有助于实现海域使用权的双重 价值与功能的统一。 【Abstract】 Generally, experts and scholars in conventional jurisprudence analyze the right to use sea areas from a single perspective，giving rise to the one- sidedness of their theory and considerable controversy. From the perspective of economics, the right to use sea areas falls under the category of property rights in nature. Such right produces value in terms of both private and public interests, and has functions related to economy and environmental protection. Therefore, it can be deduced that the right to use sea areas has nature of both public and private rights. In legal practice, measures can be taken to help unify the double values and functions of the right to use sea areas, such as imposing restrictions on exercise of such right when public interests are involved, protecting economic interests of the right holders and using the royalties for the use of sea areas reasonably.