A Basic Analysis of the Right of Maritime Self-Defense and Relevant Legal Issues
【中文摘要】海军作为我国海上武装力量和辅助海上执法力量，担负着必要时使用武力抵御海上侵略及维持海上秩序的使命。如何将执法中可能发生的使用武 力与行使自卫权时的使用武力区分开来，以便准确地行使2种性质不同的权利， 既是一个学术上鲜有讨论的理论问题，又是一个对海军行动有指导意义的现实问 题。本文对该问题的核心——海上自卫权的特征、概念及与此相关的法律问题做 出初步探讨，并在此基础上提出了行动建议。 【Abstract】The navy is China's maritime-armed force. It assists law enforcement at sea, and is in charge of both resisting invasion by use of force when necessary, and maintaining maritime order. Possible use of force while enforcing the law is not the same as exercising the right of maritime self-defense, thus, a clear differentiation is needed for the sake of accurate enforcement. This is both an under-discussed theoretical question and a practical problem that guides naval operation. This paper aims to open research into the core of this issue - the characteristics and definition of maritime self-defense as well as its relevant legal issues. Finally, it puts forward, on the basis of analysis, suggestions for future actions.