On the Connotation and Practice of the Right of Hot Pursuit
【中文摘要】紧追权是由国家主权引申出来的一项国家属地管辖权，是沿海国管 辖权的扩大和延伸，是公海自由的一种例外。作为沿海国执行措施中的一项主要 手段，紧追权已经有了新的发展。1982年《联合国海洋法公约》发展和扩大了紧 追权，紧追权现在可以从沿海国的毗连区、群岛水域、专属经济区和大陆架的上覆 水域开始。紧追权也是沿海国海上有效执法的主要手段和形式，发生在沿海国的 领海、毗连区、专属经济区，特别是专属渔区的违法违规的渔业事件，引发越来越 多的紧追权的行使，其他海事案件的发生也造成紧追权的行使，国际犯罪、国际刑 事案件中也有紧追权的行使，如中东、亚洲、非洲、欧洲各国、北美和大洋州等全 球性的走私、贩毒、偷渡、海盗及海上恐怖主义等。 【Abstract】The right of hot pursuit is a national territorial jurisdiction derived from national sovereignty. It is an expansion and extension of the coastal State s territorial jurisdiction as well as an exception to freedom of the high seas. As a main executive measure of the coastal State, the right of hot pursuit has some new developments. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982 (UNCLOS 1982) has developed and expanded the right of hot pursuit, which can now start from the superjacent waters of the coastal State’s contiguous zone, archipelagic waters, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf. The right of hot pursuit is also the coastal State’s main means and form of effective maritime law enforcement. The illegal fishing events that happen in the coastal State’s territorial waters, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone, and particularly, exclusive fishery zone have caused increasingly frequent exercise of the right of hot pursuit. The occurrence of other maritime cases has also resulted in the exercise of the right of hot pursuit. International crimes and international criminal cases have also involved the exercise of the right of hot pursuit, e.g. global smuggling, drug trafficking, stow-away, piracy and maritime terrorism in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, European countries, North America and Oceania.