Discussion about the Legal Issues concerning Vessel-sourced Pollution across the Taiwan Strait
【中文摘要】如何通过法律途径有效规制台湾海峡内由船舶所造成的污染，是当 前迫切需要海峡两岸共同解决的重大问题之一。本文首先在国际法和海峡两岸现 行立法的框架下，探讨了船舶在台湾海峡内所享有的通行权利的性质;其次，以《联 合国海洋法公约》和国际海事组织相关规则为基础，讨论两岸当局对船源污染的 管辖权空间；再次，分析目前台湾海峡内船源污染控制的实际效果。以上述论证为 基础，本文认为，海峡两岸政府之间的合作是有效控制船源污染的必要途径，并为 两岸合作可能面临的困难提出了可供参考的合作方式和法律途径。 【Abstract】 How to efficiently regulate through legal approach the pollution in the Taiwan Strait caused by ships has become one of the major issues to be jointly resolved by the two sides across the Taiwan Strait. This article, in the first place, discusses the nature of the ships’ right of passage in the Taiwan Strait under the international law and the current legislation framework of the two sides across the Taiwan Strait. Then, before analyzing the actual results of present vessel-sourced pollution control in the Taiwan Strait, it discusses the jurisdiction space that the governments across the Strait have over the vessel-sourced pollution based on relevant rules of the United Nations Conventions on the Law of the Sea and the International Maritime Organization. On the basis of the above arguments, this article regards the cooperation between the governments across the Taiwan Strait as an essential method to effectively control vessel-sourced pollution as well as a cooperation and legal approach available for reference should there be any difficulty in the cooperation across the Strait.