Scope of Compensation for Vessel-induced Oil Pollution Damage Occurring in China's Waters
【中文摘要】在中国水域发生的船舶油污损害赔偿的损失范围通常分为人身损 害、水产和渔业损失、岸上和环境损失、清污费用。船舶油污造成的渔业资源中长 期损失应予赔偿，但关键问题是如何界定中长期损失的合理性。强制清污所产生 的清污费属于民事责任，责任人有权享受责任限制，但清污费应优先受偿;碰撞造 成的清污费应按碰撞责任比例承担;实施强制保险和建立油污基金是解决清污费 问题的有效途径。 【Abstract】Compensation for vessel-induced oil pollution damage occurring in China’s waters usually covers personal injury, losses to aquaculture and fisheries， onshore and environmental losses as well as pollution eliminating costs. Medium and long term losses to fishery resources caused by vessel-induced oil pollution should be compensable，but the difficulty lies in arriving at a fixed criterion for determining the rationality of such claims that is agreeable to all. Costs arising from mandatory pollution elimination are a matter of civil liability. The responsible person is entitled to bear limited liability, but the pollution eliminating costs should have priority of repayment. The pollution eliminating costs resulting from a collision should be borne by the parties in proportion to their respective contributions in causing the collision. Compulsory insurance and establishment of an oil pollution fund are effective ways to settle disputes related to pollution eliminating costs.