Energy Security of China and Oil and Gas Development in Disputed Area of the South China Sea
【中文摘要】随着中国经济的持续发展，能源安全问题日益突出。南海油气资源 丰富，对南海周边的国家和地区具有重要意义。由于南海存在主权争议区，所以油气开发活动不但敏感，容易引起冲突，而且风险大、成本高，投资合作难度大。 所以，必须寻求有效的合作开发模式，不但要避免冲突，还要有利于营造合作氛围。 争议区开发模式必须由各方就合作机制与冲突处理机制达成协议，并且要提供必 要的政治保证和资金支持。两岸展开油气合作不但具有可行性，而且可以共同维 护中华民族在南海的实际利益。 【Abstract】With the sustainable economic development in China, energy security has become an increasingly prominent issue. The South China Sea is endowed with rich oil and gas resources, which is of great significance to its neighboring countries and regions. There exists a disputed area in the South China Sea, so the development of oil and gas is sensitive and tends to cause conflicts, with high risks and costs as well as difficulty in investment and cooperation. Therefore, an effective cooperative development model must be found to avoid conflicts and bring benefits to cooperation. Development model in the disputed area must be agreed on by all sides in terms of cooperative mechanism and conflict handling mechanism, and it should provide necessary political guarantee and financial support. It is not only feasible for all sides around the South China Sea to conduct oil and gas development, but also benign to jointly safeguard the actual interests of Chinese nation in the South China Sea.