Mechanism Study on the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Acetylene to Oxalic Acid
- 2015年第21卷 
选择铂为电极电催化乙炔合成草酸，通过紫外-可见分光光度法和红外光谱法对产品进行表征，利用第一性原理计算方法探讨乙炔在催化剂Pt(111)表面的吸附情况，采用循环伏安法（CV）研究铂电极在硫酸钠溶液中氧化乙炔的电极过程，重点测定电极的稳态极化曲线并根据极化曲线推算塔菲尔斜率，结合表观传递系数及反应级数对拟定的乙炔电催化氧化制备草酸的反应机理进行验证. 实验结果表明，乙炔分子在Pt(111)面上呈平行桥键构型时吸附最稳定；铂电极在含体积分数为2%丙酮的0.4 mol·L-1硫酸钠溶液中可将乙炔电催化氧化为草酸；反应的速率控制步骤为.A new method of electrocatalytic synthesis oxalic acid from acetylene was explored and the synthesized oxalic acid was characterized by Ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (Uv-vis) and Infrared spectroscopy (IR). First-principles calculations were carried out to examine the adsorption of acetylene over the Pt(111) surface. The electrocatalytic oxidation behavior of acetylene has been investigated on a Pt electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and steady-state polarization in Na2SO4 solution. The formation mechanism of oxalic acid in the Na2SO4 solution was proposed and the transfer coefficients of the reaction were calculated. The results show that acetylene molecule tends to adsorb through the threefold parallel-bridge configuration that is computed to be the most stable because of its lowest adsorption energy. is the rate-determining step during the electrolysis process. The rate of this step obtained from the assumed process agrees well with that from the experiment.