A novel quantification method for analysis of twenty natural amino acids in human serum based on N-phosphorylation labeling using reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
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A novel method based on the strategy of N-phosphorylation labeling is described for quantification of twenty natural amino acids in human serum by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (RP-LC/ESI-MS). The derivatization reaction was easily performed in one-pot reaction under mild conditions within 30. min. The reaction mixture was then evaporated to dryness, redissolved, desalted by C18 SPE. The twenty N-phosphoryl amino acids were separated on an RP-C18 column within 20. min by isocratic elution (0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile, v/v 7:3). At the same time, multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) MS enabled quantitation of twenty natural amino with the LOD of 0.0005-0.15. μM and LOQ of 0.0020-0.5. μM in human serum. The linear range was from 0.025 to 25. μM (except Cys and Trp) with R>. 0.99. The recovery range was determined to be 85.5-117.4% with the relative standard deviation (RSD) in the range of 1.3-13.9%. All twenty amino acids were successfully detected in human serum samples with the concentration from 5.7 to 577.9. μM, which indicates potential of the developed method for determination of amino acids in complex biological samples, hence for screening of amino acid metabolite related diseases. ? 2014 Elsevier B.V.