Predictors of breast feeding self-efficacy among Chinese mothers: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey
Chan, Wai Chi Sally
- 医学院－已发表论文 
Objectives: to examine breast feeding sell-efficacy and identify its predictors among expectant Chinese mothers in the antenatal period. Design and setting: a cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire survey was conducted in the antenatal clinics of three university hospitals in China between September and December 2011. Participants: expectant mothers planning to breast teed, and who were at least 18 years ()rage, expecting a single, healthy, full-term baby, and competent in Mandarin (n=201). Measurements: a socio-demographic data sheet, the Chinese version of the Breastfeeding Sell-Efficacy Scale, and the Perceived Social Support Scale. Findings: the expectant Chinese mothers reported moderate levels of breast feeding self-efficacy. Expectant mothers who had had previous experience in breast feeding, who had watched other mothers breast feed their infants, or who had made the decision to breast feed earlier reported higher breast feeding self-efficacy. Expectant mothers perceived social support, perceived attitude of significant others, including husband, mothers, and friends, towards breast feeding are correlated with breast feeding self-efficacy. The best-fit regression analysis revealed five variables that explained 34% of the variance in breast feeding self-efficacy in the antenatal period: perceived social support, previous experience of breast feeding, previous experience of watching others breast feed, timing of maternal decision to breast feed, and perceived husband's attitude towards breast feeding. Conclusions: this study highlighted the importance of improving Chinese mothers' breast feeding self-efficacy by considering the main predictors found in this study. Implications for practice: health care professionals could develop strategies to promote breast feeding self-efficacy, such as providing opportunities for expectant mothers to learn from others' successful experience, adopt a family-centred approach in the provision of breast feeding education, provide breast feeding education at the beginning of pregnancy or even earlier, and rally comprehensive social support for expectant mothers. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.