Tailoring 3,3 '-Dihydroxyisorenieratene to Hydroxystilbene: Finding a Resveratrol Analogue with Increased Antiproliferation Activity and Cell Selectivity
- 医学院－已发表论文 
Four novel compounds were designed by "tailoring" 3,3'-dihydroxyisorenieratene (a natural carotenoid) based on an isoprene unit retention truncation strategy. Among them, the smallest molecule 1 (2,3,6,2', 3', 6'-hexamethyl-4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene) was concisely synthesized in a one-pot Stille-Heck tandem sequence, and surfaced as a promising lead molecule in terms of its selective antiproliferative activity mediated by blocking the NCI-H460 cell cycle in G1 phase. Additionally, theoretical calculations and cell uptake experiments indicate that the unique polymethylation pattern of compound 1 significantly induces a conformational change shift out of planarity and increases its cell uptake and metabolic stability. The observation should be helpful to rationally design resveratrol-inspired antiproliferative agents.