Oxygen depletion in the upper reach of the Pearl River estuary during a winter drought
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
We examined dissolved oxygen (DO), the carbonate system and nutrients in the upper reach of the Pearl River estuary in a very dry season in February of 2004. We observed very low DO, down to < 12-30 mu mol O-2 kg(-1) in the surface water, upstream of the vicinity of the Humen outlet, one of the major water channels into the estuary. The oxygen depleted water body encompasses a surface area of > 20 km(2) within a salinity range between 1 and similar to 5. Accompanied with the low DO were extremely high pCO(2) (up to > 7000 mu atm) and nutrients (ammonia > 600 mu mol kg(-1) and nitrate > 200 mu mol kg-1). In addition to the aerobic respiration, processes such as nitrification substantially contributed to the consumption of DO, and may have a significant impact on the distribution pattern of the carbonate species including pH. Oxygen depletion was also observed in this area during our prior cruises in other seasons, signifying an alarming environmental condition in the region. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.