Arsenic trioxide is a novel agent for combination therapy to prolong heart allograft survival in allo-primed T cells transferred mice
- 医学院－已发表论文 
Alloreactive memory T cells are major barriers to transplantation acceptance due to their capacity to accelerate rejection. Here, we investigated the effects of combined treatment with arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) and blocking monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against CD154 and LFA-1 (anti-CD154/LFA-1) on graft survival as well as changes in pathology and immunological responses in mice with adoptively transferred allo-primed T cells. The mean survival time (MST) for the cardiac allografts in recipient mice receiving the combination of As(2)O(3) and anti-CD154/LFA-1 was significantly longer (>113.7 days) compared to those receiving anti-CD154/LFA-1 (232 days), As(2)O(3) (12.5 days) alone or no treatment (5.5 days). This combined strategy distinctly inhibited lymphocyte infiltration in grafts, proliferation of splenic T cells and the generation of memory T cells in spleens. Moreover, the combined treatment caused the significant down-regulation of IL-2 and IFN-gamma accompanied by increased expression of TGF-beta and regulatory T cells (Tregs) in spleens, which led to long-term cardiac allograft survival in recipient mice. These results highlight the potential application of As(2)O(3) and its contribution in combination therapy with antibody blockade to delay rejection by memory T cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.