High- vs Low-power Holmium Laser Lithotripsy: A Prospective, Randomized Study in Patients Undergoing Multitract Minipercutaneous Nephrolithotomy
- 医学院－已发表论文 
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of high-power holmium: yttrium aluminum-garnet (Ho: YAG) laser lithotripsy for multitract modified minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the treatment of patients with large staghorn renal calculi. METHODS A randomized, prospective study was conducted. Two-hundred seventy-three consecutive patients (291 renal units) with large staghorn renal calculi were randomized to undergo multitract MPCNL with 30-W low-power or 70-W high-power Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy. Both groups were compared in terms of perioperative findings and postoperative outcomes, including procedure time, stone-free rate, length of hospital stay, transfusion rates, renal function recovery, and other complications. RESULTS The average patient age was 49.2 years (range 22-73) and mean stone size was 5.54 +/- 0.7 cm. The 2 groups had some comparable perioperative findings and outcome, including tracts required per operated renal unit (n), blood loss, postoperative fever, postoperative hospital stay, stone-free rate, and improvement of operated renal function. The operation time in the high-power group was significantly shorter than that in the low-power group (129.20 +/- 17.2 vs 105.18 +/- 14.2, P <.01). CONCLUSION A combination of multitract MPCNL and high-power Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy can greatly decrease the operative time without increasing the intraoperative complications or delaying postoperative renal function recovery when compared with low-power Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy. UROLOGY 79: 293-297, 2012. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc.