Short-term dynamics of nutrients influenced by upwelling in a small oligotrophic coastal ecosystem, Gan Bay, in the northwest Philippines
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
We present a time-series analysis of nutrient and pCO(2) (partial pressure of CO2) levels in an oligotrophic coastal ecosystem (Gan Bay), which was likely to be influenced by upwelled subsurface water. Gan Bay is off Currimao Harbor, in the northwest Philippines and is located at the boundary of the South China Sea (SCS). This 42-h time-series observation was conducted in December 2006. In addition to continuous observations of dissolved oxygen (DO) and pCO(2), discrete samples were collected at a depth of 5 m every 3 h for measurements of nutrients, including soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) and inorganic nitrogen (NO3- + NO2-) in order to examine their dynamics and possible physical and biological controls. We observed remarkably large short-term variations in the surface water, spanning a 10-fold change for SRP (32-330 nM) and from <0.3 mu M to 4.3 mu M for (NO3- + NO2-. DO also varied substantially from a lower end of 171 to 205 mu M O-2. Surface water pCO(2) changed from an equilibrium stage with the atmosphere (similar to 386 mu atm) to a stage where it was a significant source for the atmospheric CO2 (seawater pCO(2) similar to 469 mu atm). We found that the variation of nutrients was driven neither by tidal mixing nor by biological activities, as was suggested by the variations in the total bacterial abundance and chlorophyll a. Instead, our inverse T-S relationship suggested a two end-member mixing process during the observation period. The N:P ratio throughout the observation period was similar to 13.2, which is characteristic of SCS subsurface and deep waters. Moreover, pCO(2) was correlated inversely with the sea surface temperature. It is likely, therefore, that an upwelled subsurface cold water with high nutrients, low-temperature and high-pCO(2) existed. It should be noted that this upwelled cold water did not appear to impact the entire observation period (approximately 35 h of 42 h), which might suggest an extremely dynamic nature for this upwelled cold water mass. (C) 2009 National Natural Science Foundation of China and Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Limited and Science in China Press. All rights reserved.