Freon R141b flow boiling in silicon microchannel heat sinks: experimental investigation
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This paper presents experimental investigations on Freon R141b flow boiling in rectangular microchannel heat sinks. The main aim is to provide an appropriate working fluid for microchannel flow boiling to meet the cooling demand of high power electronic devices. The microchannel heat sink used in this work contains 50 parallel channels, with a 60 x 200 (W x H) mu m cross-section. The flow boiling heat transfer experiments are performed with R141b over mass velocities ranging from 400 to 980 kg/(m(2) s) and heat flux from 40 to 700 kW/m(2), and the outlet pressure satisfying the atmospheric condition. The fluid flow-rate, fluid inlet/outlet temperature, wall temperature, and pressure drop are measured. The results indicate that the mean heat transfer coefficient of R141b flow boiling in present microchannel heat sinks depends heavily on mass velocity and heat flux and can be predicted by Kandlikar's correlation (Heat Transf Eng 25(3):86-93, 2004). The two-phase pressure drop keeps increasing as mass velocity and exit vapor quality rise.