The effect of compression on electron transport and recombination in plastic TiO2 photoanodes
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The compression method was applied for the preparation of plastic TiO2 porous films on a conductive indium-tin oxide (ITO)-coated polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrate at low temperature for the generation of high-efficiency plastic dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The compression parameters, including pressure and time, were varied in order to determine their effect on the photovoltaic performance of the plastic DSCs. The results from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) showed that charge transport resistance in the porous TiO2 films (R-t) gradually decreased when the applied pressure was increased from 0 MPa to 150 MPa, which indicated a better connection between the TiO2 nanoparticles and electron transport in the TiO2 films. In addition, a longer press time led to an increased resistance of electron recombination (R-ct) and an increased charge-collection efficiency. After optimization of the compression parameters. the efficiency of energy conversion was increased by approximately 81.6%. In addition, the efficiency of energy conversion was increased by an additional 4.65% under AM1.5 illumination. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.