Finite element modeling of the human mitral valve: Implications of morphologies and dynamics of the annulus and the chordae tendineae
- 软件学院－已发表论文 
Objectives: To investigate the influences caused by special morphologies and dynamics of the substructures of mitral valve by the explicit finite element program LS-DYNA. Methods: A new finite element model for the mitral apparatus characterized by layered structure of leaflets tissue, saddle shape and contraction of annulus, an approximately accurate morphology of chordae tendineae was developed. The coaptation length, leaflets stress and strain of the present model were compared with those of two auxiliary models, one with planar annulus and the other with fixed annulus. The tensile function and force distribution of chordae tendineae were analyzed in the models with and without chordae tendineae. Results: The stretch ratios computed by the present model were most closely to the experimental data. The leaflets instantly turned over to the atrial side and larger load was observed in the model without chordae tendineae. Besides, tensile force was highly correlated with average diameter of chordae tendineae (r = 0.965). Conclusion: The saddle shape of annulus benefits valve coaptation and the contraction of annulus could help decrease loads on leaflets and prevent stress concentrating excessively. Chordae tendineae could bear partial loads on the leaflets, and prevent the leaflets to turn over to the side of the atrium and help the valve close successfully. ? 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company.