L-Histidine-assisted template-free hydrothermal synthesis of α-Fe2O3 porous multi-shelled hollow spheres with enhanced lithium storage properties
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Unique α-Fe2O3 porous multi-shelled hollow spheres (α-Fe2O3 PMSHSs) have been prepared by a simple template-free hydrothermal method followed by annealing in air. For the first time, l-histidine was used as a morphology controlling agent in the synthesis process. The α-Fe2O3 PMSHSs had a relatively high surface area of 14.2 m2 g-1 and a pore volume of 0.07 cm3 g-1. When used as an anode material for lithium ion batteries, the α-Fe2O3 PMSHSs exhibited high specific capacity, good cycling stability, and excellent rate performance. A stable and reversible capacity of 869.9 mA h g-1 could be maintained at a charge-discharge current density of 400 mA g-1 after 300 cycles. Superior rate capability had also been demonstrated by testing the material at different current densities. The α-Fe2O3 PMSHSs could deliver a capacity as high as 833.3 mA h g-1 at 800 mA g-1, and a capacity of 498.1 mA h g-1 at 6000 mA g -1. The superior electrochemical performance of the α-Fe 2O3 PMSHSs is attributed to the hierarchical porosity, special micro/nanostructure, shorter electron and lithium ion diffusion pathways, and easy penetration of the electrolyte. This journal is ? the Partner Organisations 2014.