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dc.contributor.authorTang, Xingzh_CN
dc.contributor.authorSun, Yongzh_CN
dc.contributor.authorZeng, Xianhaizh_CN
dc.contributor.authorHao, Weiweizh_CN
dc.contributor.authorLin, Luzh_CN
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Shijiezh_CN
dc.contributor.author曾宪海zh_CN
dc.contributor.author林鹿zh_CN
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-22T07:07:50Z
dc.date.available2015-07-22T07:07:50Z
dc.date.issued2014 July 17zh_CN
dc.identifier.citationEnergy and Fuels, 2014,28(7):4251-4255zh_CN
dc.identifier.issn0887-0624zh_CN
dc.identifier.other20143017988856zh_CN
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/90311
dc.description.abstractA series of organic solvents were screened for the extraction of ethyl levulinate (EL) from the concentrated ethanolysis products of sucrose. Among these organic solvents, toluene was confirmed as an outstanding extracting agent for separating EL with less humins from the concentrated reaction products. The EL extraction rate was strongly related to the temperature and duration applied in the vacuum concentration; a maximum EL recovery of 96.7% can be achieved through the extraction by toluene from the ethanolysis products. Herein, the catalytic transfer hydrogenation (CTH) of biomass-derived EL to ?-valerolactone (GVL) was also performed over inexpensive metal oxides using ethanol as a hydrogen donor. On the basis of these scenarios, a novel process for the production and separation of EL and GVL from carbohydrates was proposed to integrate the ethanolysis of carbohydrates and the CTH of EL. ? 2014 American Chemical Society.zh_CN
dc.language.isoen_USzh_CN
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societyzh_CN
dc.source.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef5000497zh_CN
dc.subjectCarbohydrateszh_CN
dc.subjectOrganic solventszh_CN
dc.subjectToluenezh_CN
dc.titleNovel process for the extraction of ethyl levulinate by toluene with less humins from the ethanolysis products of carbohydrateszh_CN
dc.typeArticlezh_CN


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