Experimental Economics: Theory and Methodology
实验方法是任何学科发展到一定阶段所共有的研究方法。现代经济学的许多假设是未经实验验证的,在经济学中引入实验方法是必然的。实验经济学利用受控实验检验已有的经济理论,发现新的经济规律。实验经济学家认为,实验模型无须完全再现现实世界,也无须完全再现理论模型的所有假定;实验室中表现出的经济行动与现实经济中的经济行动并无本质差别。Experimentation is a method that all disciplines adopt at a certain stage of development. Many hypotheses in modern economics have not been verified by experiments. It is therefore inevitable that experimentation be introduced into the study of economics. Experimental economics uses controlled experiments to verify existing economic theories and discover new economic laws. Its objects of study include mainly problems of equilibrium price and quantitative existence. Experimental economists argue that it is not necessary for experimental models to represent the real world in absolute terms , or to represent every hypothesis of theoretical models. There are no essential differences between the economic actions in the laboratory and those in the real world.