Li[Li02Mn054Ni013Co013]O-2-LiMn15Ti05O4 composite cathodes with improved electrochemical performance for lithium ion batteries
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Layered Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O-2-Spinel LiMn1.5Ti0.5O4 composite cathodes have been prepared by mechanically mixing process and investigated in this work. The unoccupied 16c sites of spinel LiMn1.5Ti0.5O4 can be used as a reservoir to store the Li+ ions that are lost during the activation of Li2MnO3 component in lithium-rich Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O-2 material. As a consequence, the initial irreversible capacity loss (ICL) of lithium-rich Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O-2 is significantly reduced in the presence of spinel LiMn1.5Ti0.5O4. When mixed with 35.7 wt% of LiMn1.5Ti0.5 O-4, the lithium-rich material shows an initial ICL of only 17 mAh g(-1), and could still deliver an initial discharge capacity as high as 220 mAh g(-1). More importantly, the composite materials show better cycling performance and rate capability as compared with the pristine Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O-2. The material with 35.7 wt% LiMn1.5Ti0.5O4 shows the best cycling stability, retaining 90% of the initial discharge capacity at the current density of 20 mAg(-1) after 40 cycles. The improved cycling stability and rate performance can be ascribed to the good conductivity of spinel LiMn1.5Ti0.5O4 with 3D fast Li+ diffusion path, which ensures the timely lithium ion intercalation and de-intercalation. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.