A Strategy to Improve Cyclic Performance of LiNi05Mn15O4 in a Wide Voltage Region by Ti-Doping
Wang, S. H.
Gong, Z. L.
Huang, X. K.
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A strategy to improve cyclic performance of 5 V spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 in a wide voltage region (4.95-2.0 V.) by Ti-doping has been proposed and demonstrated for the first time. The effects of Ti substitution for Mn on the structure and electrochemical properties of the LiNi0.5Mn1.5-xTixO4 (0 <= x <= 0.6) during cycling between 4.95 and 2.0 V were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that all of these materials are cubic spinel structure with a space group of Fd (3) over barm, where their unit cell parameter a increases with the substituting amount of Mn by Ti, which is in agreement with the fact that the ionic radius of Ti4+ (74.5 pm) is much larger than that of Mn4+ (67 pm). Electrochemical test results show that proper amount of Ti substitution for Mn is able to significantly improve the cyclic performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5-xTixO4 spinel during cycling at 4.95-2.0 V, especially for the capacity retention of the ca. 2.7 V plateau. Take LiNi0.5Mn1.0Ti0.5O4 as an example, the capacity retention in the upper (4.95-3.0 V) and lower voltage (3.0-2.5 V) regions after 100 cycles are 57.1% and 79.8%, respectively, while they are only 47.0% and 24.5% for un-substituted LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 sample, respectively. (C) 2013 The Electrochemical Society.