Effects of d-Amino Acids on the EPS Production and Cell Aggregation of Alteromonas macleodii Strain JL2069
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
Exopolysaccharide (EPS) is produced by many marine bacteria and is important for cell aggregation in the ocean. d-amino acids are important components in bacteria and are recently recognized as signal molecules for regulation of bacterial growth. In this study, the effects of d-amino acids on EPS production, cell aggregation, and metabolic activity were investigated using an EPS-producing bacterium Alteromonas macleodii strain JL2069. EPS produced by JL2069 was inhibited by 1 mM of d-Ala and d-Ser, but not by d-Glu. The formation of particulate organic matter (POM) was promoted by the three amino acids. A new technique of microcalorimetry analysis indicated that the metabolic activity of the JL2069 cells was inhibited by these d-amino acids. Our results suggested that d-amino acids may reduce the bacterial metabolism by changing bacterial lifestyle from planktonic to cell aggregation growth which occurs independent of the production of EPS.