Irinotecan combined with co-stimulatory molecule blockade prolongs survival of cardiac allografts in alloantigen-primed mice
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
Memory T cells play an important role in graft rejection. In this study, we investigated the potential effect of Irinotecan (CPT-11), a topoisomerase I inhibitor used in the treatment of a variety of solid tumor malignancies, on memory T cells. CPT-11 treatment alone or combined with blocking monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against co-stimulatory molecules (LFA-1 and CD154) was evaluated in the prevention of heart transplant rejection in alloantigen-primed mice. Our data suggest that CPT-11 reduced the expression of IL-2/IFN-gamma and increased IL-10/TGF-beta expression in both peripheral blood and within the grafts. CPT-11 could also inhibit alloresponses of memory T cells, while decreasing the proportion of CD4(+) memory T cells in the spleen of the recipients and significantly reducing serum alloantibody levels. Our study highlights obvious synergistic effects of CPT-11 when combined with co-stimulatory molecule blockade in prolonging the survival of cardiac allografts in alloantigen-primed mice. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.