Investigation of the non-equilibrium flow phenomena in the boundary layer of the scramjet engine
- 物理技术－会议论文 
High-speed and high-temperature are the characteristics of the flow field in scramjet engine; the regular non-slip wall boundary condition requires zero speed at wall; in the same time, the material temperature limit does not allow high wall temperature; therefore the velocity gradient and temperature gradient in the engine boundary layer are huge. If these gradients are too large, the traditional assumption of the local thermal equilibrium in the fluid will fail, the Navier-Stokes equations are no longer valid in the boundary layer. The result of the CFD simulation shows that the local Knudsen number in the engine boundary layer is greater than the critical value with the operating conditions 40Km/Ma8 and 30Km/Ma8; they are non-equilibrium flow and the Navier-Stokes equations fails. Special treatment of the boundary conditions are needed for these kinds of flow. With the operating condition of 20Km/Ma6, the local thermal equilibrium condition is observed and conventional CFD method is valid. ? (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.