Aqueous phase reforming of sorbitol to bio-gasoline over Ni/HZSM-5 catalysts
- 化学化工－会议论文 
Liquid fuel such as bio-gasoline derived from biomass is widely recognized as a potential substitution for the diminishing fossil fuels due to its abundance of raw materials and lower greenhouse gas emissions. In this work, Ni/HZSM-5 catalysts were developed by incipient impregnation method and applied in the bio-gasoline production by aqueous phase reforming of sorbitol. The effects of reaction temperature, hydrogen pressure and calcination temperature of the catalysts on the catalytic performance were investigated. The activity test results showed that the catalyst calcined at 500 degrees C had the maximal activity with 47.6% of the bio-gasoline yield and 76.4% of the total selectivity of lighter alkanes (C-5-C-6) at 240 degrees C and 4.0 MPa. The catalysts were characterized by N-2 physical adsorption, H-2 temperature-programmed reduction (H-2-TPR), H-2 temperature-programmed desorption (H-2-TPD), and infrared spectroscopy (IR) techniques. The characterization results revealed that the catalyst calcined at 500 degrees C can provide optimum surface area and pore volume for the reaction. Moreover, 100% of the reducibility of Ni species was detected on the surface of HZSM-5, following by more nickel active sites, which led to a visible increase in the yield of bio-gasoline. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.